Enhancing Voices for formerly abducted Women & Children born in captivityInt. Fed. of Women Lawyers (FIDA Uganda)Grantee
Inclusiveness and youth participation in electoral processesFoundation for Human Rights InitiativeGrantee
Strengthening Women’s Land and Resource Rights in Northern UgandaChildren's Chance International (CCI Uganda)Grantee
Empowering women against gender-based violence in Bungatira Sub-CountyPartners for Community Health and Development Organisation (PACHEDO)Grantee
Promoting Women’s Economic EmpowermentCommunity Empowerment and Rehabilitation Initiative for Development (CERID)Grantee
Campaign for Pro-Poor, Effective & Inclusive Land ReformsLegal Aid Service Providers Network Uganda
The Republic of Uganda is one of the three Voice focus countries in East Africa. Uganda is still a young and emerging democracy and the legal and governance landscape of the country is characterised by the interplay of formal and informal institutions.
Below follows a short overview of the context, resulting in priorities available in the next tab.
Uganda has a repressed civic space according to the Civicus Monitor. NGOs and CSOs advocating for, by and on behalf of marginalised groups exist, but are not harmonised and well-coordinated. Civil society groups in Uganda are mobilised around gender, economic activity, and social strata. Customs and religion go hand-in-hand with written laws for the country. Cultural leaders and elder’s decisions are highly recognised and respected in Uganda.
Status Quo of Voice Target Groups
The Context Analysis done in 2017 examines the exclusion faced by the Voice target groups, along with intersecting issues that emerged.
Uganda is still bound by myths and stereotypes towards people living with disabilities which primarily leads to discrimination. These stigmas are evident by how persons with disabilities are being deprived to interact in the society, limited safe working conditions, denial of basic human rights, and denial to owning properties and money. While the legal and policy frameworks may be inclusive, poor implementation of government policies intervening for the rights and welfare of PWDs continues due to limited resources and lack of accountability.
Sexual minorities, particularly the Lesbians, Gays, Bisexual, Transgenders, and Intersex (LGBTI) are highly invisibilised in the Ugandan society. LGBTs live under constant life threats, exacerbated by institutionalised homophobia through parliament and religion. Religion has highly influenced the way the Ugandan people perceive homosexuality, thus, same-sex practices and relationships are criminalised although a bill to punish same-sex consensual sex to life imprisonment was annulled by the Constitutional Court in 2014.
Despite these human rights violations against LGBTIs, the LGBT movement in Uganda is quite active. Many organisations advocate for their fundamental rights to health, equality, non-discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity and expression.
Patriarchal attitudes and deeply-rooted stereotypes emanate in a highly traditional and religious Ugandan society. This creates delimiting impact towards women in the society which perpetuates violence against women and girls. Women and girls are still the most marginalised groups in Uganda. They have limited power, influence, and say in decisions. They are still bound by heteronormative roles within the households which restricts their participation in community meetings. Discriminatory laws in marriage and divorce, succession laws, and others worsens the legal injustice towards women.
Age-discriminated groups such as the youth have limited access to economic opportunities. There is a prevailing prejudice about youth being unable to make a meaningful contribution to society because of their age.
As for elderly people, they have had a highly reputable position in their communities. This is not practiced so much in the current days. As oppose to the respectable position they had, older persons live in isolation. They are also prone to rape, abuse, theft, and accused of witchcraft and other climate abruptions.
There is no space for political participation for elderly; through the civil society organisations, they have managed to secure recognition to obtain commitment from the government to address the concerns they are facing.
There is no specific definition of Indigenous Peoples and Ethnic Minorities in Uganda. They are identified based on their distinct characteristics, leaving plenty of room for interpretation by political representatives. The lack of recognition of ethnic minorities has contributed to the failure of the government to promote and preserve the cultural rights of indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities.
For the full country summary of Uganda’s context analysis, please click here.
Oxfam, coordinating Voice in Uganda strives to give all people the opportunity to have a say in policies that help shape their lives and unleash their potential.
As a result of the context analysis and Oxfam’s country strategy Voice in Uganda prioritises four target groups mentioned below. In addition Voice recognises that between and within the marginalised communities in the country, the people being most excluded are those facing overlapping, intersecting vulnerabilities.
- People living with disabilities
- Indigenous groups and ethnic minorities
- Women facing exploitation, abuse and/or violence
- Age discriminated vulnerable groups notably the young and elderly
Organisations proposing to work with two or more of the target groups are particularly encouraged to apply as the community of stakeholders recognised a prevalence of overlapping vulnerabilities between and within each of the groups.
Projects funded by Voice will need to address one or more of the impact themes:
- improving access to (productive) resources (finance, land and water) and employment
- improving access to social services, health and education in particular
- fostering space for political participation
In 2018 the context analysis will be updated, taking into account the changing context as well as existing portfolio of projects and grantees.
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