OpenCall for Proposalclosing date: 31 Dec 2018
The Republic of Kenya, known as Kenya, is a multi-ethnic state situated in the Great Lakes region of East Africa. The country has made significant structural and economic reforms yet the levels of deprivation towards the Voice target groups still remain high. This Context Analysis provides a glimpse on the struggles faced by the target groups in attaining rights.
Kenya experiences the fruits of being a democratic state. There is substantial space available for civil society organisations to engage in the government processes. The legal frameworks support public participation, good governance, democracy, social justice, and equality. Despite its flourishing freedoms, Kenya has an obstructed civic space according to the Civicus Monitor. Shortcomings identified include the lack of enforcement to laws protecting the welfare of its citizens, and lack of resources to implement and monitor laws and policies.
Status Quo of Voice target Groups
Three and a half percent of the Kenyan population are identified as people living with disabilities. They are identified with high levels of poverty incidence, which are intensified with the social exclusion they continuously face. They have limited access to land, finance and credit, employment and labour market integration.
In Kenya, homosexuality or consensual same-sex relationships is a crime. The Constitution stipulates the protection of all people but does not explicitly mention the safety of Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transgenders, and Intersex (LGBTI) people. Homosexuality is denounced within the Kenyan society, where political and religious leaders make it clear that people with diverse sexual orientation and gender identities have no place in their society.
Women bear the biggest brunt of exploitation, abuse, and violence. In particular, women in the agricultural, fishing, extractive industry, and informal sectors are exploited in the workforce. Perilous customs towards women still prevail in certain regions in Kenya, and forced and child marriages is still being practiced.
For age-discriminated vulnerable groups, the elderly are left in rural areas while the youth move to urban areas for economic purposes. The elderly people’s healthcare needs are disregarded, and continuously face exclusion in owning properties, credit, and access to financial institutions.
For the youth, 55% of them are unemployed. Of this data, almost 62% are women. The youth comprise the huge bulk of casual labourers in the manufacturing and agricultural sector. With lack of other economic opportunities, some Kenyan youth were recruited in radical and extremist work where they were lured with good income and better life.
Children are no exception in the prevailing customs practiced in some areas in the country. Female genital mutilation, early marriages, and forced labour are prevalent to children. They are denied access to healthcare and education services.
Kenya has at least 21 indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities. Despite their existence, they are excluded in a lot of spheres of life. They are not recognised by state agencies, lack of enforcement for ancestral lands and domains, deprived of economic opportunities, and lack of basic social services from the government.
The summary version of the Context Analysis can be accessed via this link.
Hivos, coordinating Voice in Kenya, strives to give all people the opportunity to have a say in policies that help shape their lives and unleash their potential.
As a result of the context analysis and the regional Hivos strategy, Voice in Kenya prioritises four target groups mentioned below. In addition Voice recognises that between and within the marginalised communities in the country, the people being most excluded are those facing overlapping, intersecting vulnerabilities.
- People living with disabilities
- Indigenous groups and ethnic minorities
- Women facing exploitation, abuse and/or violence
- Age discriminated vulnerable groups notably the young and elderly
- Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender and Intersex community
Organisations proposing to work with two or more of the target groups are particularly encouraged to apply as the community of stakeholders recognised a prevalence of overlapping vulnerabilities between and within each of the groups.
Projects funded by Voice will need to address one or more of the impact themes:
- improving access to (productive) resources (finance, land and water) and employment
- improving access to social services, health and education in particular
- Fostering space for political participation
In 2018 the current context analysis will be updated, taking into account the changing context as well as existing portfolio of projects and grantees.
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