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  • Context

    The Republic of Indonesia, known as Indonesia, is home to more than 300 local races and ethnic backgrounds. The country has a decentralised government, creating implications on the implementation of policies and programmes relating to the Voice target groups. It also has an implication on how Indonesians understand advocacy, which primarily focuses on local groups and communities for change.

    Civic space

    Despite civic space being Obstructed Indonesia has flourishing civic society. Civil Society Organisations are existing across all regions in the country. Despite their existence, there are conflicting interests, weaknesses, and constraints in doing advocacy. Access to information, skills, and resources are some of the key challenges they experience, alongside the limited understanding of the development ‘sector’.

    Big organisations based in centres and urban areas tend to be elitist in their approach. Even if the issue has been resolved, the gap between larger institutions and small organisations affects the legitimacy and overall credibility of the CSO movement in Indonesia.

    Status Quo of Voice Target Groups

    The 2017 Context Analysis provides an overview of the standing of the Voice marginalised groups in Indonesia.

    Disability in Indonesia still bears huge stigma and is perceived as “burden”. People living with disabilities are refrained from interacting with other people outside their own family circle. They also experience stereotypes through local superstitions about them being born as a punishment from previous sins and mistakes, therefore, hidden in their households to avoid being shamed. The external forces that causes ongoing marginalisation of persons with disabilities were self-sustained by the PWDs themselves, causing them to think that they can’t be independent.

    In the political spectrum, the Indonesian government and legislative spheres do not perceive PWDs as citizens having their rights. Access to basic services and physical accessibility to government facilities are not feasible. Policies facilitating basic services for PWDs do exist,  but the problem lies on implementation.

    In Indonesia, being a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex (LGBTI) is not illegal. The broader national policies in Indonesia doesn’t discriminate people based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, yet they continuously experience exclusion from all aspects of the community. Religion plays a huge part on the proliferation of hatred and violence towards the LGBTI community. This leads to the rampant increase of direct violence to LGBTIs where their lives and personal safety are at high risk.

    Institutionally, access to fundamental services such as education, healthcare, and work, is becoming difficult for the LGBTI community. There is no specific laws on anti-discrimination in place.

    Indonesia has also a wide array of policies and programmes protecting women facing exploitation, abuse and/or violence at the national and local level. Same with the case for the other marginalised groups, programme implementation poses as challenge in the full appreciation of these existing policies. The cases of violence against women continues to rise.

    The informal sector workplace is one of the key areas where women experience a variety of violence and exploitation. This is deeply rooted on the historical role women hold in the society as being wives and mothers.

    Age-discriminated groups such as the youth experience systemic stigma and exclusion in their communities. They are not well-represented in the political sphere. As of the moment, there are no youth mainstreaming policies for national development initiatives, despite the fact that 25% of the whole population are youth.

    Indonesian youth incessantly experience limited access to health, education, and economic opportunities. Discussions on sexual reproductive health and rights are non-existent and are rejected by the government. They also constitute a large percentage of workers in the informal sector.

    The country is becoming an ageing population in the coming years. Existing stigmas towards elderly people prevail. They lack access to economic opportunities due to their age, and they also lack financial planning which makes them economically vulnerable. Health services do not totally cover the needs of elderly people.

    Indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities face extreme poverty and exclusion. They lack access to basic social services. There is still an ongoing socio-cultural struggle between indigenous peoples and the rest of Indonesia on their beliefs which leads to adverse treatment towards them. One of which is the way the political structure was design as it doesn’t support causes promoting the welfare of indigenous peoples.

    The complete summary Context Analysis for Indonesia can be found in this link.

  • Priorities

    Voice conducted a context analysis of the latest social and political situation in Indonesia based on the target groups and thematic focus of Voice in 2016. It is used as baseline data at the country level, and to provide input for the general direction and strategy of Voice at the global level.

    Voice Indonesia focuses on the following marginalized and discriminated target groups:

    1. Persons living with disability;
    2. Women facing exploitation, abuse, and/or violence;
    3. Age-discriminated vulnerable group, notably the young and the elderly;
    4. Indigenous groups and/or ethnic minorities.

    These groups who are:

    • Most affected by poverty;
    • Excluded socially, economically, spatially, and politically;
    • Unreachable by development actors;
    • At risk of repression and/or violence if they talk about their rights.

    Through the context analysis, we are able to define the target groups and emphasise intersectionality between groups. The most marginalized experience multiple factors of discrimination in terms of disability, gender, age, and ethnicity. Applicants are expected to support or work with at least two of the above-mentioned groups to ensure intersectionality.

    Proposed projects should have an impact on one or more thematic focus:

    1. Improved access to (productive) resources (finance, land and water) and employment.
    2. Improved access to social services, health and education in particular.
    3. Space for political participation.

    In Indonesia, we can only support projects which are implemented in the following provinces:

    • North Sumatra
    • DKI Jakarta
    • West Java
    • Central Java
    • DI Yogyakarta
    • East Java
    • West Nusa Tenggara
    • East Nusa Tenggara
    • South Sulawesi

    The context analysis has also enabled us to prioritize key issues as experienced and recommended by each target group. Most importantly, we are able to get ideas on how intersectionality can happen. We find great opportunities with decentralisation and village empowerment in Indonesia in order to reach the most left behind groups with new ideas and insights.

    By the end of 2018, the context analysis will be updated, taking into account the changing context as well as existing portfolio of projects and grantees.

  • Link + Learn Link + Learn

Voice Indonesia
Hivos Southeast Asia
Jalan Kemang Selatan XII Nomor 1
Jakarta Selatan 12560, Indonesia
Tel: +6221 7892489
indonesia@voice.global

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